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Value: 100 points

Due: Create your initial post by Day 4 and reply to at least two of your peers by Day 7.

Grading Category: Discussions

Note: In this type of discussion, you will not see the responses of your classmates until after you have posted your own response to the following prompt.

Initial Post

For this discussion, compare and contrast principles of Change Theory and Motivational Interviewing and how these principles inform therapeutic interventions. You will gain a greater understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of the use of Change Theory and Motivational Interviewing used across clinical practice situations and settings.

Replies

Reply to at least two of your peers. Respectfully critique your peers’ posts noting any agreement or differences of opinion.

Use APA formatting as stated in the syllabus and grading rubric.

Please refer to the Grading Rubric for details on how this activity will be graded.

The described expectations meet the passing level of 80%. You are directed to review the Discussion Grading Rubric for criteria which exceed expectations.      

 

 

 

This is my peer’s post 

Re: Week 2 Discussion: Change Theory Versus Motivational Interviewing

by Sarah McNamara – Thursday, 7 September 2023, 2:42 PM

Change Theory describes the five different stages a person goes through to change a behavior, from why those do not change, to considering change, enacting the change, and successfully continuing the new behavior (Raihan & Cogburn, 2023). Motivational interviewing is heavily dependent on the clinician-client relationship (Emery & Wimmer, 2023). Motivational interviewing is a therapeutic approach to behavior change where the clinician works with the client to inspire intrinsic motivation to change a behavior while using past experiences from the patient as supportive evidence of their ability to successfully alter their behaviors (Emery & Wimmer, 2023; Nightingale et al., 2023). Understanding the fundamentals of change theory can help with the successful utilization of motivational interviewing. For example, motivational interviewing can be used to help move someone from what could be the contemplation stage where the person has insight into the need to change a behavior but is still experiencing some ambivalence to change, to help them progress towards the action stage of change theory where acting on the behavior change begins (Emery & Wimmer, 2023; Raihan & Cogburn, 2023). Through understanding the components of change theory, including when a person is presenting in a pre-contemplative state, can help to guide therapeutic intervention while also allowing for understanding that people can move through the stages differently as well as sometimes revert back to previous stages which can help increase understanding why patients are compliant with interventions for a period of time and though they see the benefits, sometimes return to a pre-contemplative stage where the change did not seem as important (Raihan & Cogburn, 2023).

For differences, motivational interviewing is typically employed in the health care setting, to help inspire behavior changes in patients that will positively benefit their health (Emery & Wimmer, 2023). Change theory can be used in a variety of different settings, including using it on the personal level as well as the community level and to implement changes at the institutional level (Simpson et al., 2023). Overall, both motivational interviewing and change theory are useful principles to understand as it allows for us to understand that people are capable of change however, they are most capable of change when they can find the motivation within themselves instead of from outside sources to change.

References:

Emery, R. L., & Wim mer, M., (2023, February 9). Stages of Change Theory. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved September 7, 2023 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK589705/?report=readerNightingale, H., Mnatzaganian, G., Hooker, L., Barrett, S., & Kingsley, M. (2023). The effect of motivational interviewing and/or cognitive behaviour therapy techniques on gestational weight gain – a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15446-9Raihan, N., & Cogburn, M., (2023, March 6). Stages of Change Theory. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved September 6, 2023 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK556005/?report=reader#_NBK556005_pubdet_Simpson, J., Remawi, B. N., Potts, K., Blackmore, T., French, M., Haydock, K., Peters, R., Hill, M., Tidball, O.-J., Parker, G., Waddington, M., & Preston, N. (2023). Improving paramedic responses for patients dying at home: A theory of change-based approach. BMC Emergency Medicine, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-023-00848-0

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