summer 2023 week 7 response

 Response 1    


Great job on your posting. I like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and it can be utilized in many settings such as anxiety, depression, and personality disorders (Wheeler, 2014). I found it interesting that CBT can be used for individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Your group provided that there are several components that include exposure, cognitive processing, and stress inoculation (Boland, 2011; Yearwood et al., 2021). With regards to the child and adolescent population, I do believe that it can be effective based on their developmental level and ability to understand and follow directions. I also found it interesting that CBT can be applied to the geriatric population but it is best to ensure there is no cognitive decline or it may not be effective. This was a great point.


     I would like to add that with regard to trauma in the children and adolescent population, the practitioner also needs to look out for and observe behavioral cues. According to Phipps and Thorne (2019), provide that individuals may suffer from internalized behaviors that have been ongoing for months or years and this may need to be discussed. The authors provide that some minority groups have suffered racial discrimination, which may often lead to PTSD (Phipps and Thorne, 2019). In the adult populations, this has resulted in “varying degrees of self-sabotage” as evidenced by lower education achievements and other socioeconomic factors (Phipps and Thorne, 2019).




Boland, R. J., Verduin, M. L., Ruiz, P., Shah, A., & Sadock, B. J. (2022). Kaplan & Sadock’s

Synopsis of Psychiatry. Wolters Kluwer.

Phipps, R., Thorne, S. (2019). Utilizing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a

Framework for Addressing Cultural Trauma in African American Children and

Adolescents: A Proposal. Th Professional Counselor, 9 (1): 35-50.

Doi: 10.15241/rp.9.1.35

Yearwood, E. L., Pearson, G. S., & Newland, J. A. (2021). Child and adolescent behavioral

health: A resource for advanced practice psychiatric and primary care practitioners in

nursing. Wiley Blackwell.


 Response 2


VEry good information about mindfulness. Loizzo (2018) defines mindfulness meditation as a psychological condition in which the ideas go through active passivity and transition to a quiescent state. When practicing mindfulness meditation, the person does so while paying attention to a variety of sensory thoughts, feelings, and emotions that are all occurring at the same time in their consciousness. The practitioner then concentrates on the flow or process of the ideas’ content. In order to meditate, one must pay attention to each breath as it occurs. Numerous benefits of meditation have been suggested, including a decrease in stress, anxiety, insomnia, sadness, and even chronic pain (Loizzo, 2018). By assisting the client in entering a more calm state, meditation, for instance, was said to enhance the sleep pattern of someone with insomnia. To obtain a statistical and clinical significance that would support the claims, more evidence-based clinical investigations must be carried out, according to the researchers who carried out the randomized controlled experiment.

The theoretical setting of psychotherapy can be connected to the use of meditation. The use of dialectical behavior therapy, which combines mindfulness meditation with psychotherapy as a strategy for treating clients with depression, substance misuse, and eating disorders, is one of the successful integrations of meditation to current psychotherapist treatments. Leggo (2016) wrote in an academic study that adding mindfulness meditation to dialectical behavioral therapy reduces stress by lowering autonomic arousal or reactivity. Meditation was believed to improve immunological function, decrease oxidative damage, and elicit happy emotions. Furthermore, Rubin (2015) showed in a peer-reviewed academic study that integrating mindfulness meditation into dialectical behavior treatment can successfully preserve cognition, prevent neuronal death, and foster brain longevity, plasticity, and learning.



Leggo, C. (2016). Dancing with desire: A meditation on psychoanalysis, politics, and pedagogy. Teachers and Teaching, 2(2), 233-242. doi: 10.1080/1354060960020205

Loizzo, J. (2018). Meditation research, past, present, and future: Perspectives from the Nalanda contemplative science tradition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1307(1), 43-54. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12273

Rubin, J. (2015). Meditation and psychoanalytic listening. Psychotherapy and Buddhism, 115-127. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4899-7280-4_7


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