There will be a quantitative research proposal project done later.  For now, in this assignment, we are going to write the literature review part of the proposal. 

(I chose the research topic about exploring the Interventions for Mental Health Issues in Young Adults)


The literature review is one of the most important components, and often the most time consuming part, of a good research proposal. Without the solid foundation of a good literature review, it is difficult to make a strong research proposal.


Literature Review Basics:

In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute. The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions. Literature reviews must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction/background information section; 

the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; 

and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper. 

The following provides a brief description of the content of each:

·       Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern.

·       Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically

·       Conclusions/Recommendations: Discuss what you have drawn from reviewing literature so far. Where might the discussion proceed?



A literature review is a review of articles/sources. A literature review is a scholarly paper that presents the current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources and do not report new or original experimental work.

***The following requirements should be met in your literature review:

-Include a minimum of six scholarly sources

-Organize in logical sections

-Include an overview of the literature

-Be unbiased in your presentation of information

-Include sources and content relevant to your research questions and hypothesis; state the relevance in your literature review

-Include a critical assessment of the sources. Do not simply include a summary of what you have read

-A strong introduction and conclusion, including further questions for research

-Proper APA formatting, citations, and references


As you locate articles, determine those that are the most relevant and that give you the most information. A literature review must be organized around and related directly to the proposal or research question you are developing; produce results into a summary of what is and is not known; identify gaps/areas of controversy in the literature; formulate questions that need further research. Your literature review should be between 2-3 pages.

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Select a research article, other than the articles from your assignments, from the GCU library. Provide an overview of the study and describe the strategy that was used to select the sample from the population. Evaluate the effectiveness of the sampling method selected. Provide support for your answer. Include the article title and permalink in your post.

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Research the delivery, finance, management, and sustainability methods of the U.S. health care system. Evaluate the effectiveness of one or more of these areas on quality patient care and health outcomes. Propose a potential health care reform solution to improve effectiveness in the area you evaluated and predict the expected effect. Describe the effect of health care reform on the U.S. health care system and its respective stakeholders. Support your post with a peer-reviewed journal article.

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Question description

The ability to read, understand, critique, and integrate research studies and to design a study to address a gap in the research literature is a vital tool. As you write your, you may be reading hundreds of studies, many of which you will evaluate as part of a coherent literature review.

Select 5 empirical articles from peer-reviewed journals that:

  • you consider critical to your understanding of your area of your research (ethics and absenteeism)
  • all address a particular phenomenon and attempt to contribute to theory about it

Part 1

1. Describe each study, including:

  • the research problem, questions, or hypotheses
  • the research purpose
  • type of design and elements of the design (e.g., sample, data analysis,

operationalization of constructs)

  • threats to validity and if and how they were addressed
  • the findings and their implications

2. Critically evaluate each study: Does the author make a compelling case for the meaning and significance of the findings?

Part 2

Write a literature review that explains what is known and not known about the phenomenon based on a critical evaluation of the five studies.

Part 3

Develop a research question that addresses one of the unknowns you identified in Part 2 and sketch a qualitative study that can answer the question about what is unknown and contribute to theory (in some sense of theory you discuss in Question 1).


  • the research purpose
  • type of design and elements of the design (e.g., sample, the type of data you need

to collect and how you will collect it, data analysis)

  • the strengths and weaknesses of your envisioned design and methods
  • quantitative: threats to validity and how your design will address them
  • quantitative: the constructs you will measure and what you will do in order to

determine how to operationalize them (you need not identify specific measures)

  • qualitative: your means of ensuring the quality of your findings
  • justification for why your chosen design and methods are more appropriate for your

research question than alternatives you have considered

  • your methods of data analysis
  • how the data you collect will enable you to answer your research question and

contribute to theory

(e.g., internal validity, threats to validity, and operationalization) needed to address this


The structure of your paper should be as follows:

Body (15 pages, no more; APA Style; use appropriate headings for organization of the paper)

References (APA Style)

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