write the pathophysiology of COPD. This is the explanation, physiologically, of the nursing diagnosis chain of events. Cite the reference used (you can’t just “create” it) and the page number. Be sure that your pathophysiology explains the CAUSE of that particular nursing diagnosis. That means you must tie it back to the nursing diagnosis.


Note: My Nursing Diagnose


Ineffective airway clearance r/t increased mucus production secondary to COPD ASE produces one to two tablespoons of yellowish sputum daily, inspiratory crackles, dyspnea, SOB.


Note for the writer:

 If you find, please use as one source medical surgical nursing lewis 10th edition, but if you don\’t find it is ok to use another source. 




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