i need someone to respond to the answer of the question below with 500 words and he could be critical, agree or disagree adn you have to incule your thoughts in the resopnd with APA style citation with 3 reference
the question is
You are an Emergency Manager in your respective country. A highly infectious influenza strain has been detected. There is a limited quantity of the vaccine to prevent this particular strain of influenza. Discuss your plan for distributing this vaccine. Who receives the vaccine and who does not? How did you come to this conclusion?
the answer essay is
Pandemics tend to catch society unprepared, and resources are seldom enough to cub its adversities. An influenza outbreak in a country would most likely find relatively few doses of vaccines that cannot be enough to serve everyone. In this regard, there are those that would be issued with this vaccine in the first instance whereas others would have to wait for newly produced doses. However, this priority of allocation is based on certain assumptions and also seeks to achieve the ultimate goal of containing the outbreak and keeping mortalities as low as possible.
There are certain factors that would influence the priority with which to allocate scarce vaccine during an influenza pandemic. Firstly, the distribution of this vaccine should ensure to keep morbidity and mortality rates as low as possible (World Health Organization, 2004). Secondly, the healthcare system and workforce should always remain competently capable of dealing with the pandemic and helping the affected (Rothstein, 2010). In these two regards, it is imperative that the distribution of the scarce vaccine consider prioritizing population groups with a high rate of morbidity and mortality is such a crisis. Additionally, it is important that the healthcare system and its workforce remain strong throughout the course of dealing with and containing the pandemic.
The two notions that have been discussed in the previous paragraph, therefore, guide the allocation and distribution of vaccines during the influenza outbreak. In this perspective, public health workers and medical workers would have to receive the vaccine first. The rationale in this choice is that by distributing the vaccine to these workers, the country is better equipping its health system and workforce to address the outbreak without compromise or setback. Besides, health workers are supposed to protect the public and deliver service during such an outbreak thus, they should themselves be adequately resistant and resilient against the effect of the disease thus, the high priority (Rothstein, 2010).
Secondly, the vaccine would go to senior people with a high risk of conditions that are associated with influenza; those with cases of the strain, or a history of hospitalization for the same or related medical condition (World Health Organization, 2004). Thirdly, pregnant/expectant women will follow in this list of priorities due to their high risk of contacting the disease, and the fact that they can be adversely affected by the strain relatively quicker and severely than their counterparts who are not pregnant (Yu et al., 2016). The other population groups, which include health young and senior adults, as well as children, would be vaccinated last due to their existing ability of their bodies to fight the disease. However, immunocompromised persons, such as those who are on cancer treatments, AIDS patients and people who have had transplants would not be vaccinated; these groups of people tend to respond poorly to the influenza vaccine thus, the vaccine would not be of any urgent help.
Rothstein, M. A. (2010). Currents in contemporary ethics: should health care providers get treatment priority in an influenza pandemic?. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 38(2), 412-419.
Yu, Z., Liu, J., Wang, X., Zhu, X., Wang, D., & Han, G. (2016). Efficient vaccine distribution based on a hybrid compartmental model. PloS one, 11(5), e0155416.
World Health Organization. (2004). Guidelines on the use of vaccines and antivirals during influenza pandemics. WHO Global Influenza Program.