Needs Assessment

Gather assessment data about the community or region you chose. Use the CDC and the United States Census Bureau websites as the sources for your information.

Demographic Data

Name of Community/Region: New York, NY

Total Population: 8,398,748

Ethnicity/RaceAfrican AmericanHispanicsCaucasianAsianOther
Gender (M/F)2081507233833/259486366180011983341294497
Employment Status (Employed/Unemployed)(Statistical Atlas, 2018)61.2%/9.12%63.8%/6.18%73.6%/4.24%65.9%/4.70%61.4%/7.69%
Education Level (Less than High School, High School/Bachelor’s, Graduate) (World Population Review, 2019a)High School: 1,159,536Bachelor’s or higher: 332,262High School: 1,057,532Bachelor’s or higher: 274,459High School: 1,939,182Bachelor’s or higher: 1,198,497High School: 659,852Bachelor’s or higher: 360,502High School: 647,537Bachelor’s or higher: 168,574
Age range (0–19, 20–34, 35–54, 55+) (Baruch College, 2018)0-19: 454,51920-34: 434,51035-54: 510,04655+: 500,3040-19: 704,69620-34: 627,68135-54: 662,79055+: 493,9220-19: 508,56120-34: 694,11335-54: 704,10655+: 830,3830-19: 253,96020-34: 324,59635-54: 368,54855+: 300,4360-19: 62,11220-34: 40,78935-54: 36,54655+: 25,116
Income level average (Less than $25,000, $25,000–50,000, $50,000–75,000) 75,000–100,000, 100,000+) (Statistical Atlas, 2018).$42,600$37,500$80,300$59,400$34,200

List Three Public Health Problems Identified From the Needs Assessment

Problem 1Problem 2Problem 3
Identify the IssueObesityDiabetesHypertension
Incidence
Prevalence34% of the population is overweight.22% of the population is obese (City of New York, 2019a)Total= 56%12.7% of the population (City of New York, 2019b)25.5% of the population (Giambrone et al, 2016)

Select the Problem or Condition You Will Be Addressing Based on the Data Presented

· State the public health problem or condition you choose. Obesity

· Explain why: The reason obesity will be addressed is because it considered an epidemc in New York City (City of New York, 2019a). In addition, obesity is linked to diabetes and hypertension (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2012). This explains why diabetes and hypertension are also health issues that are affecting many individuals in New York City. Decreasing obesity rates could also result in the decrease in diabetes rates and hypertension rates (Mayo Clinic, 2019).

· Provide the following data on your select problem or condition.

ObesityNew York CityNew York StateNational/Global
Incidence
Prevalence34% of the population is overweight.22% of the population is obese (City of New York, 2019a)Total= 56%25.7%39.8%/30% (World Population Review, 2019b)

Identify Who Bears the Burden of This Condition in Your Community of Interest

Select your target population. Use data to explain why this population bears the burden of the condition. The target population would be the individuals living in the New York City borough of the Bronx. The reason is because this borough has the highest obesity rate in New York City (QNS, n.d.). In addition, the Bronx has the lowest average household income in New York City (U.S Census Bureau, 2018). Low-income is linked to obesity because healthy foods are more expensive than unhealthy foods (Drewnowski, 2010). According to Beaulac, Kristjansson, & Cummins (2019), “Low-income neighborhoods lack full-service grocery stores and farmers’ markets where residents can buy a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products” (p. A105). Even if more grocery stores were available, obesity might still be an issue because healthy foods are very pricey in comparison to unhealthy foods.

Distribution of Select Condition by Ethnicity/Race

Target Population = 1,432,132 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2018)
Ethnicity/RaceAfrican AmericanHispanicsCaucasianAsianOther
Incidence
Prevalence (Acevedo, Gonzalez, Santiago, & Vargas-Ramos, n.d.)28.5%27.9%21.7%11.1%24.8%

Distribution of Select Condition by Gender

GenderFemaleMale
Incidence
Prevalence

List Five Risk Factors Associated With the Select Condition

Risk Factors

Discuss the Disease Trends Presented in the Table

Year 12014Year 22015Year 32016Year 42017Year 52018
Incidence (select condition)
Prevalence (select condition)

Is the condition declining, increasing, or same over the 5-year period displayed?

Answer here:

Are previous interventions working based on the trends shown in the table?

Explain your response:

1

5

1

Needs Assessment

Gather assessment data about the community or region you chose. Use the CDC and the

United States Census Bureau

websites as

the sources for your information.

Demogra

p

hic Data

Name of Community/Region:

New York

, NY

Total Population:

8,

39

8,

748

Ethnicity/Race

African American

Hispanics

Caucasian

Asian

Other

Gender (M/F)

2081507

233833/

25948

6

3661800

1

198334

1294497

Employment Status

(Employed/Unemployed)

(Statistical

Atlas, 2018)

61.2%/9.12%

63.8%/6.18%

73.6%/4.24%

65.9%/4.70%

61.4%/7.69%

Education Level (Less

than High School, High

School/Bachelor’s,

Graduate)

(

World

Population Review,

2019

a

)

High School:

1,159,536

Bachelor’s or higher:

332,262

High School:

1,057,532

Bachelor’s or higher:

274,459

High School:

1,939,182

Bachelor’s or higher:

1,198,497

High School:

659,852

Bachelor’s or higher:

360,502

High School:

647,537

Bachelor’s or higher:

168,574

Age range (0

1

9

,

20

34,

35

54, 55+)

(Baruch

College, 2018)

0

19: 454,519

20

34: 434,510

35

54: 510,046

55+: 500,304

0

19:

704,696

20

34: 627,681

35

54: 662,790

55+: 493,922

0

19: 508,561

20

34: 694,113

35

54: 704,106

55+: 830,383

0

19: 253,960

20

34: 324,596

35

54: 368,548

55+:

300,436

0

19: 62,112

20

34: 40,789

35

54: 36,546

55+: 25,116

Income level

average

(Less than $25,000,

$25,000

50,000,

$42,600

$37,500

$80,300

$59,400

$34,200

1

Needs Assessment

Gather assessment data about the community or region you chose. Use the CDC and the United States Census Bureau websites as

the sources for your information.

Demographic Data

Name of Community/Region: New York, NY

Total Population: 8,398,748

Ethnicity/Race African American Hispanics Caucasian Asian Other

Gender (M/F) 2081507 233833/259486 3661800 1198334 1294497

Employment Status

(Employed/Unemployed)

(Statistical Atlas, 2018)

61.2%/9.12% 63.8%/6.18% 73.6%/4.24% 65.9%/4.70% 61.4%/7.69%

Education Level (Less

than High School, High

School/Bachelor’s,

Graduate) (World

Population Review,

2019a)

High School:

1,159,536

Bachelor’s or higher:

332,262

High School:

1,057,532

Bachelor’s or higher:

274,459

High School:

1,939,182

Bachelor’s or higher:

1,198,497

High School:

659,852

Bachelor’s or higher:

360,502

High School:

647,537

Bachelor’s or higher:

168,574

Age range (0–19, 20–34,

35–54, 55+) (Baruch

College, 2018)

0-19: 454,519

20-34: 434,510

35-54: 510,046

55+: 500,304

0-19: 704,696

20-34: 627,681

35-54: 662,790

55+: 493,922

0-19: 508,561

20-34: 694,113

35-54: 704,106

55+: 830,383

0-19: 253,960

20-34: 324,596

35-54: 368,548

55+: 300,436

0-19: 62,112

20-34: 40,789

35-54: 36,546

55+: 25,116

Income level average

(Less than $25,000,

$25,000–50,000,

$42,600 $37,500 $80,300 $59,400 $34,200

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