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Week 1 Discussion 2: Growth and Development Assessment, Biopsychosocial Profile and Screening

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  4. Week 1: Assessment of Growth and Development, Biopsychosocial Profile, and Screening
  5. Week 1 Discussion 2: Growth and Development Assessment, Biopsychosocial Profile and Screening

Completion requirements

Done:Make forum posts: 1

Value: 100 points

Due: Create your initial post by Day 4 and reply to at least two of your peers by Day 7.

Grading Category: Discussions

Note: In this type of discussion, you will not see the responses of your classmates until after you have posted your own response to the following prompt.

Initial Post

Look at the Chart of Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages in Table 34-16 on page 1073 in the Kaplan and Sadock, Synopsis of Psychiatry (2021) textbook. Pick a psychosocial stage, discuss the associated virtue, and the positive and negative forerunners of identity. Explain the purpose of incorporating the evaluation of developmental vulnerabilities within your holistic, psychosocial assessment and treatment plan documentation.


Reply to at least two of your peers. Explain how you can use what you have learned from this post in your own practice. Upload a nursing research article to support your statements in your response.

Use APA formatting as stated in the syllabus and grading rubric.

Please refer to the Grading Rubric for details on how this activity will be graded.

The described expectations meet the passing level of 80%. You are directed to review the Discussion Grading Rubric for criteria which exceed expectations.  


This is my peer’s post

Re: Week 1 Discussion 2: Growth and Development Assessment, Biopsychosocial Profile and Screening

by Shanna Cipro – Thursday, 31 August 2023, 9:16 PM

Regis College: Log in to the site


The purpose of this discussion post is to examine one stage from Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages including the associated virtue and the positive and negative forerunners of identity formation.  Additionally, the discussion post will explain the purpose of incorporating the evaluation of developmental vulnerabilities within a holistic, psychosocial assessment and treatment plan. 

Erikson’s first stage of psychosocial development is Trust vs. Mistrust and occurs during infancy from birth to approximately 18 months of age (Boland et al., 2022).  The associated virtue of this stage is hope.  Orenstein & Lewis (2022) note that when development during this time  maladaptive, the virtue becomes withdrawal.  The associated positive and negative forerunners of identity are mutual recognition vs. autistic isolation.  Muuss (1988) relays Erikson’s theory describing mutual recognition as synonymous with mutual trustworthiness, highlighting the importance of developing a sense of security between the infant and caregiver.  The negative forerunner, autistic isolations, describes the withdrawal of the infant from that sense of security.

These developmental vulnerabilities that occur from maladaptive development of hope and trust are related to psychopathology including psychosis, addiction, and depression (Boland et al., 2022).  The concept of trust and hope during this time builds the foundation for the infant understanding that their needs will be met instilling trust not only in the caregiver, but also hardwiring the infant to have confidence and build an identity based on that foundation creating confidence, trust , and hope.  Muuss (1988) expand on these psychopathologies noting that  the sense of isolation differentiates the patient from feeling the same as others and lead to the “withdrawal and regression characteristic”  in the development of schizophrenia (Boland et al., 2022, p. 1074).  These same thoughts and feelings can lead to feelings of low self-worth, emptiness, and depression and Erickson’s theory occurs during Freud’s the oral stage related to the oral incorporation of the development of addictions (Boland et al., 2022, Muuss, 1988, and Orenstein & Lewis, 2022) .  By completing a holistic psychosocial assessment including a developmental history and timeline these psychopathologies can be differentiated in relation to the information gathered and presenting symptoms. This helps to create a patient centered treatment plan with appropriate pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions.   



Boland, R. J., Verduin, M. L., Ruiz, P., Shah, A., & Sadock, B. J. (2022). Kaplan & Sadock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry

Wolters Kluwer.

Muuss, R. E. (1988). Erik Erikson’s Theory of Identity Development. In Theories of adolescence (pp. 42–57). essay, 


Orenstein, G., & Lewis, L. (2022, November 7). Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development . StatPearls .


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