1.Is Homophobia associated with Homosexual Arousal??
2.The hypothesis of this study indicate that individuals who score in the homophobic range and admit negative affect toward homosexuality demonstrate significant sexual arousal to male homosexual erotic stimuli.
3.Participants were 35 homophobic men and 29 group of nonhomophobic men were the participants in the study. The participation was assigned to groups on the basis of their scores on the Index of Homophobia.
4. The data were analyzed using mixed model analysis of variance (ANOV) with one between-subjects factor (Groups) and two within-subjects’ factors. The data for each time block for the two groups are presented separately for each stimulus type.
5.During the study the procedure was explained to the participant on arrival at the laboratory. He was informed that he could terminate participation at any time, and he signed informed consent. The participant was accompanied to a soundproof chamber, where he was seated in a comfortable reclining chair and was given instructions on the proper placement of the MIR strain gauge. After the experimenter’s departure from the experimental chamber into the adjoining equipment room, the participant attached the penile strain gauge.
6. independent variables are the ratings that the subject assigned to the partner for Ambition while dependent are Dependent variables intended to capture the success of vocabulary learning included recall accuracy and recognition accuracy.
7.in both studies it was noted that homophobia and nonhomophobia individuals were selected on the basis of their report of having only heterosexual arousal and experiences, their ratings of erection and arousal to homosexual stimuli were low and not significantly different from nonhomophobic men who demonstrated no significant increase in penile response to homosexual stimuli. data are consistent with response discordance where verbal judgments are not consistent with physiological reactivity, as in the case of homophobic individuals viewing homosexual stimuli.
8.This studies implies that both homophobic and nonhomophobic men are associated with homosexual Arousal. It is possible that viewing homosexual stimuli causes negative emotions such as anxiety in homophobic men but not in nonhomophobic men. Because anxiety has been shown to enhance arousal and erection.
9.This study was conducted in an environment that has a melodramatic impression on our knowledge about human homo sexuality and lesbianism.
10. A major difficulty in this area of research was denning and measuring homophobia. with the scale used in the present study, we found it difficult to find heterosexual men who scored in the high-grade nonhomophobic rang. This problem may be due not to a high prevalence of homophobia; rather, it may be the result of the nature of this and similar scales
11.why men were exposed to sexually explicit erotic stimuli consisting of heterosexual, male homosexual, and lesbian videotapes, and changes in penile circumference were monitored??